The heart

 Cardiovascular research​

As the target organ for toxic compounds, the pathological activity of the heart and blood vessel are of a major interest inour research. ​

  • Invasive blood pressure and pulse monitoring in anesthetized animals.

  • Noninvasive cardiac output measurements.

  • Tethered and telemetry ECG in rats, pigs and mice.  

  • In-vivo animal models for toxicological exposure.


Lung injury following ricin intoxication in the pig. (A) X-ray, (B) H&E-stained lung section (C) Scoring severity of lung  injury.​