In an ever-changing world and in a hostile region, the ability to reliably and consistently diagnose biological threats is essential to the national and global security and safety. IIBR leads the national efforts to counter any and all biological threats from intentional attacks as well as naturally-emerging diseases. Using a multi-disciplinary project strategy, combined with cutting-edge technologies, we develop methods for the detection and identification of various bio-threats. IIBR's multi-disciplinary R&D groups are engaged in the development of rapid, sensitive, and specific diagnostic methods for detection and identification of pathogens and bioterrorism threat agents. The methods are tailored for a variety of matrices such as clinical specimens, food and environmental samples, each characterized by a vastly different and complex background.​